Mr Simmons said: "It is the best quality of any of the bombardment damage films but, crucially, contains a number of sections that have never been seen before, namely footage of Cleveland Street and the damage to houses at Carlton Terrace - including a close-up of local women and children.". The German ships gave chase but could not keep up and shortly returned to their fleet. [22] At 12:15, the German cruisers and destroyers exited the southern edge of the minefield and saw battleships ahead. [27], The High Seas Fleet had failed to engage the inferior British squadrons at Dogger Bank and the British nearly led a chase into the German fleet even after it had turned away. They found their shells had no effect on the armoured sides of the ships, so instead aimed at masts and rigging. Bombardment of Hartlepool . The town had three radio stations as well as new technology in the organisation of the British fleet. Beginning at 8am on Wednesday 16 December 1914 two German battleships, Derfflinger and Von der Tann, bombarded the undefended Yorkshire seaside town of Scarborough for about half an hour. [13] At 05:15 on 16 December, the destroyer HMS Lynx sighted an enemy ship (the destroyer SMS V155). [2] Hipper commanded the battlecruisers SMS Seydlitz, Von der Tann, Moltke and Derfflinger, the armoured cruiser SMS Blücher, the light cruisers SMS Strassburg, Graudenz, Kolberg and Stralsund and 18 destroyers. The two remaining British light cruisers moved off to assist but Beatty, not having been informed of the larger force, called one of them back. The death of Private Theophilus Jones of the Durham Light Infantry, age 29, was the first death of a British soldier from enemy action on British soil for 200 years. The bombardments caused hundreds of civilian casualties and resulted in public outrage in Britain against the German Navy for the raid and the Royal Navy for failing to prevent it. The Kaiser reprimanded his admirals for their failure to capitalise upon an opportunity but made no changes to the orders restricting the fleet, which were largely responsible for Ingenohl's decisions. [7], Hartlepool was a more significant target than the resort town of Scarborough. HMS Ambuscade was taking on water and had to turn away. [29][30], The German ships fired 1,150 shells into Hartlepool, striking targets including the steelworks, gasworks, railways, seven churches and 300 houses. The second scout cruiser, HMS Forward, had no steam in her boilers and could not move. Video, 'Mosul is healing': Rebuilding the historic city, Woman, 95, accused over 10,000 Nazi camp murders, Actress shares story of 'nightmare' nose surgery, US congresswoman who supported QAnon loses key post, Parish council Zoom host 'surprised' by reaction, BBC team threatened after Boxing and the Mob probe, Look back at Christopher Plummer's film highlights. Dorman Long at Middlesbrough, for example, will be responsible for the manufacture of millions of shells. Visibility was now poor through rain and not all the British battleships had seen the enemy. At approximately 8.10 on the morning of 16 December 1914 the First High Seas Fleet Scouting Group, commanded by Admiral Franz von Hipper, unleashed a bombardment of the North Sea English seaports of Hartlepool, West Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough. It had extensive civilian docks and factories and was defended by three BL 6 inch Mk VII naval guns on the seafront: two at Heugh Battery and one at Lighthouse Battery. [23] Belatedly, the Admiralty intercepted signals from the High Seas Fleet at Heligoland as it returned to port and now warned the British ships that the German fleet was coming out. At 07:55, he managed to make contact and Beatty sent New Zealand, his nearest ship, followed by the three light cruisers, spaced 2 mi (1.7 nmi) apart, to maximise their chance of spotting the enemy, followed by the remaining battlecruisers. The Hartlepool and Teesside area is a prime target for the Germans because it makes munitions, bridges and other resources for the war effort. The U-boat U-17 was sent to reconnoitre coastal defences near Scarborough and Hartlepool. Ingenohl took the 85 ships of the High Seas Fleet to a position just east of the Dogger Bank where they could assist, if Hipper's ships came under attack from larger forces but were still close to Germany for safety, as standing orders from the Kaiser instructed. Inhabitants gazing at their wrecked dwellings . Description PLAQUE SET INTO A CARVED STONE ON LOW WALL Inscription THIS TABLET MARKS THE PLACE/ WHERE THE FIRST SHELL FROM THE/ LEADING GERMAN BATTLE CRUISER/ STRUCK AT 8:10 AM ON THE/ 16TH OF DECEMBER 1914/ AND ALSO RECORDS THE PLACE … Sufficient information had been gleaned on the evening of 14 December to know that the German battlecruiser squadron would shortly be leaving port but did not suggest that all of the High Seas Fleet might be involved. Two guns were at Heugh Battery and one at Lighthouse Battery. The larger force suggested that bigger German ships would be following. [10], In the harbour, Captain Alan Bruce of the scout cruiser HMS Patrol attempted to put to sea but the ship was hit by two 210 mm shells, forcing Bruce to beach the ship. Moscow say the diplomats attended weekend protests in support of Putin critic Alexei Navalny. HMS Hardy came under heavy fire from the cruiser SMS Hamburg, suffering severe damage and catching fire but managed to fire a torpedo. [16] Others, such as Jellicoe, felt there was a risk that an admiral such as Beatty would have insisted upon engaging the enemy once contact was established. The engagement was broken off after a couple of hours in the dark but at 06:03 the following morning one of the four destroyers still able to fight, HMS Shark, again came in contact with five enemy destroyers and the British destroyers attacked. Download this stock image: Bomb-damaged houses, Hartlepool, First World War, December 1914, (c1920). The intention was to allow the raid to take place, then ambush the German ships as they returned. [5], Admiral Hipper left the Jade Bight at 03:00 on 15 December. Tyrwhitt was ordered to join Warrender with his destroyer flotilla but bad weather prevented this. Two German warships fired more than 1,000 shells on the town during the 40-minute dawn attack. [24] Keyes's submarines had been despatched to find returning German ships and also failed, although one torpedo was fired at SMS Posen by HMS E11, which missed. The 3rd Cruiser Squadron (Rear-Admiral William Pakenham) from Rosyth, with the armoured cruisers HMS Devonshire, Antrim, Argyll and Roxburgh were added to the force. Attack by the Imperial German Navy on 16 December 1914, The difference between the two was less at this period than later in the war when Britain increased its lead in, Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby, Stranton Grange Cemetery burials 1912–1919, "German Bombardment of Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough on 15th and 16th December 1914. The garrison of 166 Durham light Infantrymen was warned at 0430 of the British East:! Few hours of receiving them Square, killing twelve people, including all the British battleships had seen enemy! Attack by two battlecruisers trap him maximum speed and not all the members of family. 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