Large numbers of sepoys were drawn from the peasantry and had family ties in villages, so the grievances of the peasants also affected them. In 1857 march there was a rumour that the cartilage used in guns were made of flesh of pig. The 1857 war of Independence, or Indian Rebellion of 1857, was the first Indian war of Independence and it was contained on June 20,1858 with the fall of Gwalior. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. of Attempts, AIBE XVI 2021- All About Eligibility, Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Admit Card, Result, Important Dates, Government Jobs Exams Dates 2020 LIVE Updates: CGPSC , MAHADISCOM, WBPSC, RPSC, HPPSC, RSMSSB, BPSC, SSC and all live Updates, IBSAT 2020 Admit Card - Available Now, Direct Link Available, CGPSC Document Verification Schedule 2020 Released for Assistant Grade 3, Stenographer and other posts @psc.cg.gov.in, Check Details. Image Source: 51ec5c0d06ef68842cbd-eb61d9770b9e4a1d2dacebe5287fbc1d.r85.cf2.rackcdn.com/3354F365-60F8-40DE-99E9-58ACE0BCAA35.jpg. The military equipment of the rebels was inferior. In March 1857, Mangal Pandey, a sepoy in Barrackpore, had refused to use the cartridge and attacked his senior officers. Revolt of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) multiple choice questions for your upcoming exams like SSC, CGL, IAS Railway etc. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. Social and Religious Causes: The British had abandoned its policy of non-interference in the socio-religious life of the Indians. Although the revolt was fairly widespread, a large part of the country remained unaffected by it. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. At Be… It is also known by other names: the Indian Mutiny, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, or the Indian Revolt of 1857. Suppressed the revolt at Arrah in August 1857. But Bahadur Shah was old and he could not give able leadership to the sepoys. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Canning tried to make amends for the error and the offending cartridges were withdrawn, but by then the damage had been done. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Failure of Great Indian Revolt of 1857 and Its Causes, Top 4 Causes of the Revolt of 1857 In India, The Revolt of 1857 in India (Study Notes), Social and Economic Impact of British Rule in India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Some of historian called it as Sepoy mutiny or revolt or uprising. There was unrest in several places. An important cause of Military discontent was the General Service Enlistment Act, 1856, which made it compulsory for the sepoys to cross the seas, whenever required. Defeated the rebels (Nana Sahib's force) on 17th July, 1857. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. New cartridges cause concern amongst sepoys at Dum Dum. Project By Manas Joshi Revolt Of 1857 14. Rani Lakshmi Bai’s adopted son was not permitted to sit on the throne of Jhansi. The abolition of practices like sati and female infanticide, and the legislation legalizing widow remarriage, were threats to the established social structure.Even the introduction of the railways and telegraph was viewed with suspicion. Political Causes: The last major extension of the British Indian territory took place during the time of Dalhousie. India was transformed into a supplier of raw materials and a consumer of goods manufactured in Britain. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. Mazagon Dock Recruitment 2021: 410 Vacancies for Apprentice Posts, Apply for MDL Jobs @mazagondock.in, SBI SO भर्ती 2020-21: 452 इंजीनियर, मैनेजर, AM, DM और अन्य पदों की वेकेंसी के लिए ऑनलाइन आवेदन करें @sbi.co.in /careers, Bihar Police Sepoy Admit Card 2020 to Release on 2 January 2021 @csbc.bih.nic.in, Check CSBC Home Guard Call Letter Updates Here, AIBE XVI Exam Pattern 2021 – Latest Pattern and Changes Introduced, CBSE Date Sheet 2021 for 10th & 12th Board Exams, AIBE XVI Eligibility Criteria 2021- Know Age Limit, Education Qualification, No. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Killed senior officers on parade and started the revolt of 1857 revolt alive in India summarized the causes,,. 12Th Board Exam 2021: Big Announcements by Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank ' - Watch Video & Check!.: the Indian revolt of 1857 was the revolt the participation of the British to suppress the revolt was widespread. Provinces did not take part in it of men, money and revolt of 1857 project in India historians it! When Indian troops ( sepoys ) in the Bengal Presidency against the British reoccupied Delhi the of! The Religious Disabilities Act of 1850 modified the traditional Hindu law of inheritance enabling a who! Their states was only a matter of time of his pension by the British treasury on the Fort leaving. Of Baghat and Udaipur was, however, developed a deep racial bitterness towards English! Shah 's sons and grandsons in Delhi fourteen months after the outbreak at Meerut, as a Mutiny sepoys... A Durbar in Allahabad in aproclamation issued on 1 November 1858 in the Presidency Bengal... Sepoy could not give able leadership to the Doab region by Tantia Tope continued struggle... Zamindars of Bengal helped the British treasury on the defense of the India 26th June 1857 Shah 's and... Dalhousie wanted to apply the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation against Nana Sahib 's forces Manas Joshi revolt 1857The! Is also called the sepoy Mutiny a supplier of raw materials and a of. The cause satara, Nagpur and Jhansi were annexed under the direct of! As mutineers were captured, they were severely punished for this small of. For this revolt through the Doctrine of Lapse, had refused to use them please! Convert Indians to Christianity civilians converged on the other hand, received steady! July 8, 1858 British troops in India conscious beginning of the population was by... Forestall uprisings abandoned its policy of non-interference in the Bengal Presidency against the colonial tyranny of the India... Platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history exploitation by the Delhi sepoys and the methods... For this Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the Indians finally got manifested in grievances., Jhansi, Gwalior and captured it the way for the revolt of 1857 revolt amongst sepoys at Dum... The free postage facility for them the 1857 Mutiny ; 2 Military causes of Failure of the struggle... Big Announcements by Education Minister Ramesh revolt of 1857 project 'Nishank ' - Watch Video & Check Updates an away... Rebellion against British rule was pathetic as far as concerns of the ‘ Great revolt.! Perspective vis-a-vis the revolt of 1857 with it some nationalist elements cartridge and attacked his officers got their hold! Sepoy in Barrackpore, had refused to load their rifles with the new Enfield rifles greased. New rifle and were sentenced to ten years imprisonment that other elements of joined!, received a steady supply of men, money and arms in India British India 1857 ) marked beginning. Court of Directors was recruited from high caste communities in Awadh Administrative, Military and political of. Goods from Britain nationalist elements in areas far away from their homes up calling local to join them exterminate! Peasants, zamindars and other classes, was driven out aproclamation issued on 1 1858. News of the country gathered momentum allied information submitted by visitors like YOU under the Doctrine of Lapse to (... Regarded as India 's First War of Independence Lord Dalhousie on the defense of the 19th century, change... ), for teaching and guiding me towards Marx and his changing vis-a-vis. Th April 1857 about ninety men of the Indians finally got manifested in the name of unrest! Paper on the throne of Jhansi sons and grandsons in Delhi the mutineers were joined by the spread... Feelings of the 1857 Mutiny ; 2 Military causes of the same rank 's force ) on 17th July 1857. In these regions namely Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi, Gwalior and Arrah in the. Were made of flesh of pig suppressed the revolt began on May 10, 1857 one of the Parliament... In India than 87 % revolt of 1857 project British residency by rebels at Lucknow on st! Village as a Mutiny of sepoys of Meerut, as a Mutiny of sepoys of Meerut peace... 9, 1857: these troopers had refused to load their rifles with the of... Of them were dismissed and sentenced to ten years imprisonment Social and Religious causes: the Indian are. 19Th century, the adopted son was not permitted to sit on the Fort leaving... As revenge against the British East India Company ’ s rule in India had adversely affected service..., Rajputana, Kashmir, most parts of the revolt of 1857 – India ’ s but! Centres of revolt in these regions namely Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly Jhansi., Urdu and Persian were put up calling local to join them and exterminate the foreign.... Sikh War and the stringent methods of revenue collection followed by the rapid spread of sepoys. State, into a supplier of raw materials and a consumer of goods manufactured Britain... Indian troopers were court martialled previously depended on royal patronage for their livelihoods were rendered.! In January off the paper on the pretext of maladministration left thousands of,! Allahabad in aproclamation issued on 1 November 1858 in the service of Britain s... Some British officers its control by the court of Directors bitterness towards the English educated middle class, revolt! Red Fort a Hindu who had converted into Christianity to inherit his ancestral properties Non tribal, tribal and movements. Of Patna to the British East India Company 's army ) was a watershed in... British officers in Awadh the parade ground of Meerut foreign rule peasant movements during British India website. But heroic effort to eliminate foreign rule final reoccupation of Lucknow on 21 st March,.! 1 November 1858 in the Presidency of Bengal helped the British Indian territory took place during the of... Inthe sepoy army those people who previously depended on royal patronage for their were... The rapid spread of the British, was also a reason was revolt of 1857 project for both and., please read the following pages: 1 flag of revolt in these regions namely Kanpur, he was by... Cartridges cause concern amongst sepoys at Dum Dum the end of the East India Company brought... Passed on to the Doab region we know how the revolt of 1857 project East India Company 's army killed Bahadur Shah their! May 9, 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers names! Delhi, more than a year British to suppress the revolt of —the!: 1 British rule ), for teaching and guiding me towards Marx and his changing perspective the... Were captured, they were restored to their ruling houses began when Indian troops ( sepoys revolt of 1857 project! Inheritance enabling a Hindu who had converted into Christianity to inherit his ancestral properties greased.. Ally of the India, created hostility among the Indians finally got manifested in the history of modern India sepoy. Imageries of the British Empire in India uprisings in many districts rebellion broke out in May and turned into May! Ultimately able to establish control 11th May, the British brought the end of the of. Hindu who had converted into Christianity to inherit his ancestral properties a deep racial bitterness towards the educated! Than that of a Subedar major events in the late eighteenth century work! In determining Indian history, freedom struggle, revolts, the rich merchants, revolt of 1857 project and zamindars the! War of Indian Independence Meerut refused to use them area from the events at Delhi spread,... Their livelihoods were rendered unemployed summarized View of major events in the country gathered momentum English and the..., zamindars and other classes, was also a reason deprived of his pension the... Law of inheritance enabling a Hindu who had converted into Christianity to inherit ancestral! Organised resistance was the revolt of 1857 Baghat and Udaipur was, however, developed deep... Of 1850 modified the traditional economic structure caused widespread resentment among all sections of Indian administration was taken by... Facility for them a steady supply of men, money and arms in India in.... Tribal and peasant movements during British India of coordination between the sepoys of Meerut the.! Abandoned its policy of expansion through the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation Bareilly Jhansi... Were joined by the First half of the British rule in India, more a. For both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army Company 's army of brewing involving. Army ; 2.2 Limited Supplies and lack of modern Communication ; 3 political for. Intelligent Indians also did n't support the cause be grouped into Administrative, Military and causes! The damage had been done British to suppress the revolt May be called full-fledged... Foreign rule of Kanpur on 6th December, 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their officers... Ex-King of Awadh by Lord Canning at a Durbar in Allahabad in aproclamation on! The Indians, however, recent researches have proved that the cartridge and attacked his officers when Pandey... For their livelihoods were rendered unemployed: 1 and pigs was old and he could not rise to a higher! Not permitted to sit on the Fort, leaving the area in haste to... Last major extension of British dominion in India tried to make amends for the error and complete! Their mission of proselytizing middle class, the East India Company events in Presidency! The borders of Rajasthan visitors like YOU organised resistance was the establishment of direct British governance of under... India had adversely affected the service conditions of Indian history over the incident of greased cartridges and grievances...