2 Types of Modern Methods of Irrigation System By Riyo Posted on March 4, 2019. Methods of irrigation. Drip irrigation involves a piping system designed to deliver … As the availability of water is not the same in every area, farmers need to use different methods of irrigation for every region. There are several modern methods of irrigation which are listed below. (ii) Drip Irrigation Method. The area near the plants is dry so bacterial growth is limited. In modern irrigation practice several flooding methods have been developed. … THANK YOU 1. 6] GIVING EVERY INDIVIDUAL EFFORT. 1. So,the traditional method was cheaper but less efficient. Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. There are two modern methods of irrigation system 1. It is a kind of surface irrigation. Water is applied in the root zone of the crop. It is a kind of surface irrigation. Drip irrigation method In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. It is the best method of irrigation for leveled fields. Sprinklers placed here distribute the water across the fields. Velocity of water Jet 2. The whole land becomes available for cultivation of crops, whereas in traditional irrigation methods, 15 to 20 per cent land remains vacant in depres­sions and boundaries. The main methods used are as follows: Sprinkler System: This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. Basin irrigation. So Rahat system of irrigation uses animal labour. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. Join now. There are several irrigation methods-Sprinkler irrigationDrip IrrigationIrrigation through tubewells and motors etc. What are the modern methods of irrigation? It reduces the use of water in agriculture. What do you mean by micro-irrigation? THANK YOU The most common method of watering the crops is drip irrigation. Firstly as bumper crops are produced due to irrigation it makes country self-sufficient in food requirements. 6.1. Ask your question. Water is carried by pipes to central locations on the farm. The modern methods of irrigation are as follows:-(i) Sprinkler System:-Irrigation sprinklers are sprinklers used on farms, golf courses, and yards, to provide water to vegetation and plants in the event of drought.  At the nozzle Pressure head is converted to Velocity head. Science. Irrigation Methods The widely used methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and mist irrigation. Modern methods of irrigation. In India, There are Four Traditional Methods of Irrigation. 3)Dhekli. These are more efficient systems of irrigation that were invented in the recent decades. 5. The balance of groundwater is also maintained. Modern irrigation methods are efficient enough to supply the entire field uniformly with water, so that each plant has the amount of water it needs, neither too much nor too little. Traditional methods are cheaper but they are less efficient as compared to modern methods. The perpendicular pipes, having rotating nozzles on top, are joined to the main pipeline at regular intervals. In free flooding method water is applied to the land from field ditches without any check or guidance to the flow. Ancient Persia (modern day Iran) used irrigation as far back as the 6th millennium BCE to grow barley in areas with insufficient natural rainfall. Drip irrigation is the most used irrigation system these days. 1] converting waste land into agriculture land using manure. These include surface irrigation, localised, drip, sprinkler, centre pivot, lateral move and sub irrigation. It is a kind of surface irrigation. It involves slow and frequent application of water to the plant root zone and enables the application of water and fertilizer at optimum rates to the root system. In a surface irrigation system, water moves over the land in order to wet and infiltrate the soil. Such a method has been in use for many decades, sometimes even centuries, and offer cost-effectiveness and convenience over more modern methods. the modern methods of irrigation used in punjab are. classification of modern irrigation systems advantages of modern irrigation systems disadvantages of modern irrigation … Drip irrigation: The drip irrigation is the drop by drop emmision of water at the root zone of crop. Standard water quality test needed for design and operation of drip irrigation system. Water from the tube-wells is allowed to pass through these pipelines under pressure, which escapes from the rotating nozzles and gets sprinkled on the crops. What are the modern method of irrigation? The roots absorb the water and supply it to the plants. Above the well, we tie a large wheel. 4. judges ‘Efficiency’ 1. 1. 1. With the help drip irrigation system, it is easy to provide liquid fertilizer to plant root systems. Numerous subclasses exist within each of these basic methods. You’ll learn all the above mentioned irrigation methods in details here. Secondary School. Name modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation. Sprinkler system and 2.drip system Chain pump Let us take a look at the two most important methods. Name modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation. The modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation are furrow, basin and border. What are the modern methods of irrigation in different states of India? Let us take a look at the two most important methods. This method of irrigation is gaining popularity in areas with a scarcity of water. 3. Also, wastage of water is avoided when using a moat system of irrigation. This method is used in areas where there is more scarcity of water and in high temperature regions, to maintain the humidity. This supply of water to the crops at regular intervals is known as irrigation. However, modern methods are more efficient and use less water as compared to traditional irrigation. Log in. But before going in the details of different methods of irrigation, you should know that what is irrigation. Join now. Or trickle irrigation is one of the latest and modern methods of irrigation.It is suitable for water scarcity and salt affected soils. Sub irrigation results in a minimum of evaporation loss and surface waste and requires little field preparation and labor. It irrigates more area. Under gravity irrigation, water is distributed by means of open canals and conducts with out pressure. Drip irrigation is highly effective for the conservation of water as it uses the minimum amounts of water. Question 4 Describe the drip system method of irrigation? In the drip irrigation, we lay plastic pipes in rows near the crops or plants. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. Methods like pumping stations, canals, gates, ditches, and a few other systems are used to raise the water table. Basins are flooded with water. There are five basic methods of irrigation (flooding, furrow irrigation, trickle, sprinkling, and sub irrigation). Crop… Sprinkler system also provides the best coverage regardless of the size of the farm. Irrigation Methods – Sprinkler Irrigation (or) Overhead irrigation (Modern irrigation Method):- This method consists of the application of water to soil in the kind of a spray, somewhat as rain. methods of irrigation in India are,surface irrigationsubsurface irrigation What are the modern method of irrigation used in Pakistan? Area of Land wetted depends on following factors i.e. Problem of waterlogging is not present in this system. This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. Nutrient Film Technology is also used mostly for research and/or experimental gardens. 2. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. Drip System of Irrigation. Log in. Irrigation Methods – Sprinkler Irrigation (or) Overhead irrigation (Modern irrigation Method):- This method consists of the application of water to soil in the kind of a spray, somewhat as rain. These include surface irrigation, localised, drip, sprinkler, centre pivot, lateral move and sub irrigation. Gravity irrigation methods are less expensive, but requires more skill and experience to achieve re-scannable efficiency. Please download CoolGyan Learning App it saves a lot of water are used for lifting water ( from wells stream. Applying the water and are environment-friendly stations, canals, gates, ditches, Rahat. Rolling could be irrigated efficiently with sprinklers irrigate the land of rather smooth flat! 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