Histories Herodotus 99-page comprehensive study guide Features detailed chapter by chapter summaries and multiple sections of expert analysis ... Book 8 Summary. καὶ οὗτοι μὲν δὴ ἐσέβαινον, καὶ ἧκε ἡ ἀπ᾽ Αἰγίνης τριήρης, ἣ κατὰ τοὺς Αἰακίδας ἀπεδήμησε. For it is said that the king looking on at the fight perceived that her ship had charged the other; and one of those present said: "Master, dost thou see Artemisia, how well she is fighting, and how she sank even now a ship of the enemy?" The History of Herodotus has been divided into the following sections: Book I [299k] Book II [249k] Book III [221k] Book IV [230k] Book V [162k] Book VI [174k] Book VII [286k] Book VIII [179k] 89. [1] τοῖσι δὲ Ἕλλησι ὡς πιστὰ δὴ τὰ λεγόμενα ἦν τῶν Τηνίων ῥήματα, παρεσκευάζοντο ὡς ναυμαχήσοντες. Now the benefactors of the king are called in the Persian tongue orosangai. Study Questions It ends with a highly colored account of the defeat of the Persian emperor Xerxes and his immense army of slaves by a much smaller number of Greeks fighting to preserve their freedom. This battle forms the centre-piece of book VIII of Herodotus' Histories. With the ship which deserted at Salamis and the Lemnian ship which deserted before and came to Artemision, the naval force of the Hellenes was completed to the number of three hundred and eighty ships, for before this two ships were yet wanting to make up this number. Do thou thyself however come forward to speak, and declare to them how things are; and when thou hast declared this, if they are persuaded, that will be the best thing, but if this is not credible to them, it will be the same thing so far as concerns us, for they will no longer be able to take to flight, if we are encompassed on all sides, as thou sayest. [2] ἢν γὰρ ἐγὼ αὐτὰ λέγω, δόξω πλάσας λέγειν καὶ οὐ πείσω, ὡς οὐ ποιεύντων τῶν βαρβάρων ταῦτα. Ξέρξην δὲ εἰπεῖν λέγεται πρὸς τὰ φραζόμενα «οἱ μὲν ἄνδρες γεγόνασί μοι γυναῖκες, αἱ δὲ γυναῖκες ἄνδρες.» ταῦτα μὲν Ξέρξην φασὶ εἰπεῖν. His "Histories", which provide an account in nine books of the conflict between the Greece and Asia from the middle of the sixth century (B.C.) And meanwhile in this struggle there was slain the commander Ariabignes, son of Dareios and brother of Xerxes, and there were slain too many others of note of the Persians and Medes and also of the allies; and of the Hellenes on their part a few; for since they knew how to swim, those whose ships were destroyed and who were not slain in hand-to-hand conflict swam over to Salamis; but of the Barbarians the greater number perished in the sea, not being able to swim. I might mention now the names of many captains of ships who destroyed ships of the Hellenes, but I will make no use of their names except in the case of Theomestor, the son of Androdamas and Phylacos the son of Histiaios, of Samos both: and for this reason I make mention of these and not of the rest, because Theomestor on account of this deed became despot of Samos, appointed by the Persians, and Phylacos was recorded as a benefactor of the king and received much land as a reward. A deserter jumps off a Persian ship and informs the Greeks of the Persian plans and situation. The Persian Wars, Volume IV. 85. Like Homer, Herodotus strove to understand the world theologically---a goal that makes his work difficult for the reader to understand at first. In its first logos, we witness the naval … οἱ μὲν δὴ ἄλλοι Ἕλληνες ἐπὶ πρύμνην ἀνεκρούοντο καὶ ὤκελλον τὰς νέας, Ἀμεινίης δὲ Παλληνεὺς ἀνὴρ Ἀθηναῖος ἐξαναχθεὶς νηὶ ἐμβάλλει· συμπλακείσης δὲ τῆς νεὸς καὶ οὐ δυναμένων ἀπαλλαγῆναι, οὕτω δὴ οἱ ἄλλοι Ἀμεινίῃ βοηθέοντες συνέμισγον. (8) Next day, when the detachment fails to appear, the Greeks decide to attack the main fleet (9). [1] ὃ δ᾽ ἀμείβετο τοῖσδε. ἴσθι γὰρ ἐξ ἐμέο τὰ ποιεύμενα ὑπὸ Μήδων· ἔδεε γάρ, ὅτε οὐκ ἑκόντες ἤθελον ἐς μάχην κατίστασθαι οἱ Ἕλληνες, ἀέκοντας παραστήσασθαι. 54. In his view this "ancient history" of the Greeks and the peoples of Asia was not like contemporary history, because the heroes of old who had created it were beings of a different and superior order who had had a different, direct, and personal relationship with the gods. «κάρτα τε χρηστὰ διακελεύεαι καὶ εὖ ἤγγειλας· τὰ γὰρ ἐγὼ ἐδεόμην γενέσθαι, αὐτὸς αὐτόπτης γενόμενος ἥκεις. Scraps of History. This allowed him total artistic freedom and control to create a picture of the world that corresponded entirely to his own view of it. Rejecting what is commonly known as myth, he accepted instead "oral tradition" about remembered events. Prior to that were the Illiad and the oddyse by homer during the 700's b.c. Commentary: Quite a few comments have been posted about The History of Herodotus. He then having thus spoken retired, and among them again there arose dispute, for the greater number of the commanders did not believe that which was reported to them: 81. Herodotus-themed essay writing book from the Classical Writing curriculum. The History of Herodotus, parallel English/Greek, tr. [1] ἀπιστεόντων δὲ τούτων ἧκε τριήρης ἀνδρῶν Τηνίων αὐτομολέουσα, τῆς ἦρχε ἀνὴρ Παναίτιος ὁ Σωσιμένεος, ἥ περ δὴ ἔφερε τὴν ἀληθείην πᾶσαν. His long narrative, titled by modern convention The Histories, begins with the earliest traditions he believed reliable. [1] κατὰ μὲν δὴ Ἀθηναίους ἐτετάχατο Φοίνικες (οὗτοι γὰρ εἶχον τὸ πρὸς Ἐλευσῖνός τε καὶ ἑσπέρης κέρας ), κατὰ δὲ Λακεδαιμονίους Ἴωνες· οὗτοι δ᾽ εἶχον τὸ πρὸς τὴν ἠῶ τε καὶ τὸν Πειραιέα. Thus it is said that Xerxes spoke. 86. Then Xerxes, having fully taken possession of Athens, sent to Susa a mounted messenger to … Have n't found any reviews in the art of the historian 's discipline about remembered events ὃ μὲν ταῦτα μετεστήκεε. For download, ὡς οὐ ποιεύντων τῶν βαρβάρων ταῦτα invasion in 478 B.C. him total artistic and., at sacred-texts.com, 80 books named after the nine muses those had... Κατὰ τὰς Θεμιστοκλέος ἐντολὰς ὀλίγοι, οἱ δὲ πλεῦνες οὔ remembered events Herodotus in. Xerxes, having fully taken possession of Athens, sent to Susa a mounted messenger to Scraps! When the detachment fails to appear, the Greeks decide to attack the main fleet ( 9 ) δὲ τὸ... 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