Legislators assume office on the first day of the session after they are elected. In 12 states, more than half of all candidates did not have major party competition. The Senate is the house of the bicameral United States Congress that has an unchanging proportion of representation allotted to each U.S. state. Republicans won new majorities in at least two chambers: the New Hampshire State Senate and New Hampshire House of Representatives. Legislators assume office the first day of the legislative session, which is the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January at 12:00pm. 2020 saw the lowest number of open seats, meaning more incumbents seeking re-election, compared to the previous three even-year elections. Ratifies and provides the continuation of the specified date for state of disaster emergency declaration. Senators are limited to two consecutive terms and representatives are limited to four consecutive terms, or a total of eight years in each chamber. Eighty-six of those chambers held legislative elections in 2020. Changes in a state government's policy priorities often follow changes in trifecta status, as trifecta control affords a political party the opportunity to advance its agenda. 15 state legislatures subject legislators to term limits. Those incumbents included five Democrats and one Republican. There is no law that requires the Electors in the Electoral College to vote according to the results of the popular vote in their states. Republicans ran for six seats without major party competition. Click here for more. Why have elections when the state's winner receives all the electoral votes? Illinois' state senators are elected to two or four-year terms and state representatives are elected to two-year terms. Heading into 2020, the 22 state legislatures where one party had a veto-proof majority in both chambers included four states where the governor was a member of a different political party than the veto-proof majority: Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, and Maryland. An open seat or election is one in which the incumbent officeholder does not seek re-election. What Happens if There Is a Tie in the Electoral College? There are 253 seats in the Pennsylvania General Assembly.Only 25 of the 50 seats of the Pennsylvania State Senate are up for election every two years. !function(){"use strict";window.addEventListener("message",(function(a){if(void 0!==a.data["datawrapper-height"])for(var e in a.data["datawrapper-height"]){var t=document.getElementById("datawrapper-chart-"+e)||document.querySelector("iframe[src*='"+e+"']");if(t)(t.style.height=a.data["datawrapper-height"][e]+"px")}}))}(); Two state legislatures saw changes in their veto-proof majority status—typically when one party controls either three-fifths or two-thirds of both chambers—as a result of the 2020 elections. 31.9% of the 113 seats saw major party competition. Pennsylvania's state senators are elected to four-year terms and state representatives are elected to two-year terms. Moncrief, G. & Squire, P. (2010). Those incumbents included four Democrats and two Republicans. Republicans ran for 69 seats without major party competition. To find out what happened in those states, click here. The number of incumbents facing primaries was roughly similar to 2016 and 2014, but less than 2018. But "state senators" are in the state legislatures, and the number varies by state, from as few as 20 to as many as 67. 37.0% of the 73 incumbents who sought re-election had a primary challenge. A state government trifecta occurs when one party holds the governorship and a majority in both chambers of a state's legislature. Gaining or breaking trifectas—or in some cases, maintaining divided government—thus often becomes a major priority for a party heading into each election cycle. In 2010, Ballotpedia began using official candidate lists from each state to examine the competitiveness of every state legislative race in the country. If Republicans are unable to construct a unified governing faction in the Senate, some may join with the seven Democratic senators to form a coalition akin to the one created in the Alaska House of Representatives in 2018. 48-925(b). Members are limited to four consecutive terms, or a total of eight years in each chamber. 48.4% of the 93 incumbents who sought re-election had a primary challenge. As a result of the 2020 elections, Republicans maintained veto-proof majorities in Kansas and Kentucky, and Democrats maintained their veto-proof majority in Massachusetts. Democrats continued that momentum in 2019, where they won majorities in the Virginia Senate and Virginia House, gained a trifecta in Virginia, and broke the Republican trifecta in Kentucky. All but Maryland held legislative elections in 2020, and no veto-proof majority status changes occurred. In total, there are 538 electors in the Electoral College. Republicans ran for 19 seats without major party competition. Idaho's state senators and representatives are elected to two-year terms. Ballotpedia identified 24 state legislative battleground chambers in 2020. Georgia General Assembly, is one of the largest state legislatures in the nation. As a result of the elections, Republicans gained trifectas in Montana and New Hampshire, which both entered the election under divided government. !function(){"use strict";window.addEventListener("message",(function(a){if(void 0!==a.data["datawrapper-height"])for(var e in a.data["datawrapper-height"]){var t=document.getElementById("datawrapper-chart-"+e)||document.querySelector("iframe[src*='"+e+"']");t&&(t.style.height=a.data["datawrapper-height"][e]+"px")}}))}(); Veto-proof majorities are most important when the other party controls the governorship. The general election for state legislative races took place on November 3, 2020. In one other chamber, the Alaska House of Representatives, not enough elections were called to determine majority control. The Nevada Senate is the upper house of the Nevada Legislature. Per the Nevada Constitution, the term of the incumbent leaving office ends on the day after the election. Massachusetts' state senators and representatives are elected to two-year terms. Republicans had 21 trifectas, and Democrats had 15. "Few ever pay attention to [gubernatorial and state legislative] races, but they’re important for [redistricting] and waves can be leveraged for major gains," according to NBC News reporter Alex Seitz-Wald. We anticipated that these chambers would be more competitive overall and had the potential to see major shifts in party control. Senators are limited to two terms and representatives are limited to four terms, or a total of eight years in each chamber. In addition, the following areas each have one non-voting delegate - American Samoa, District of Columbia, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands. Legislators assume office the first day in January. 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