Various Polymers Used in Drug Delivery PLGA In past two decades poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) has been among the most attractive polymeric candi-dates used to fabricate devices for drug delivery and tissue engineering applications. 6. The vessel support is made of a plastic developed specifically for the medical field and charged with active substances. Very different types of polymers have been used as bioadhesive polymers. POL YMER IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY. Medical uses for plastic materials include: Questions? Their applica-tions range from facial prostheses to tracheal tubes, from kidney and liver parts to heart com-ponents, and from dentures to hip and knee joints (Tables 1, 2). Show less. Your email address will not be published. Natural polymers include: Their applications range widely from material packaging to fabrication of the most sophisticated drug delivery devices. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Fibers and resins used in medical applications include polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS) as well as nylon, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyimide (PA), polycarbonate (PC), acrylonitrile butadiene (ABS), polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and polyurethane (PU). Polycarbonates received their name because they are polymers containing carbonate groups (?O?(C=O)?O?). Cotton fibers are actually polymers of cellulose that are pulled into a string much like the synthetic polymers. 3.1 Plastic Compositions. 2013, vol. In medicine stimuli responsive polymers show the change in their properties in response to the change in biological conditions [7]. Hi there! The basic components of plastic and elastomer materials are polymers. The book also presents the latest developments on the use of polymers in medicine and development of nano-scale devices. In 2011, Joe Landolina and Kenny Mai won the Time Warner Cable Inno/Vention Competition through an innovative look at the common Band-Aid. Polymers are both found in nature and manufactured in laboratories. Glyptal is made up of monomers ethylene glycol and phthalic acid. Multiple biological, synthetic and hybrid polymers are used for multiple medical applications. And thanks for reading the Craftech Industries’ blogs. Experiments detailed in this paper attempt to start filling the above-described knowledge gap. Polymers can be built like a string as in nylon used as feedstock for a loom. Natural polymers, mainly polysaccharides and protein derivatives, have been largely used for many years to cover the demands of classical dosage forms (tablets, capsules, gels) and are still widely used today because the good biocompatibility of most of them, biodegradability in the body or in the environment, and obtaining from renewable sources. This review summarizes the contribution of functionalized polymers to enhance oral bioavailability of sensitive molecules and their application status in medicine for different diseases. The word polymer is derived from the Greek term for “many parts.” Polymers are large molecules comprised of many repeat units, called monomers, that have been chemically bonded into long chains. Combinations were composed of polycations and polyanions, commonly used LbL assembly technique (Table S1). A wide variety of polymers are used in medicine as biomaterials. The development of polymers that enhance the biocompatibility of blood-contacting medical devices and the incorporation of polymers within biosensors are also addressed. Things we take for granted such as disposable syringes, intravenous blood bags and heart valves are now made of plastic. Because of its unique properties like durability, moisture resistant, temperature resistance, etc, it is widely used in making the parachutes. The physical and chemical properties of the polymers used in polymer-drug conjugates are specially synthesized to flow through the kidneys and liver without being filtered out, allowing the drugs to be used more effectively.

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